On Jung and the Types
discussed in "Cornerstones of the Psyche," the core of Western
astrology's elements and Carl Jung’s personality types (or typology)
Sensing versus Intuitive
Type (Element of Earth) Taurus, Virgo, Capricorn - A person
whose main function is sensation trusts objective information that is
practical and can be observed and gathered through the five senses of
sight, taste, hearing, direct, and taste.
Type (Element of Fire) Aries, Leo, Sagittarius - A person whose
main function is intuition trusts subjective information gathered through
imagination, insight, and hunches. This person perceives information
and situations in a global manner. They intuitively look toward the
future, at possibilities, and for the “big picture.” This
person gathers information by seeing around corners.
Thinking versus Feeling
Type (Element of Air) Gemini, Libra, Aquarius - A person whose
main function is thinking prefers to make objective decisions based
on hard, cold, logic and on logical connections.
Type (Element of Water) Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces - A person
whose main function is feeling makes decisions based on their subjective
sense of values. How will the decision effect them? How will the decision
effect other people.
each of us has all 4 of the functions (Fire, Earth, Air, and Water)
at our disposal. However, the reality is that one of these functions
will be the most “dominant” and preferred function, a second
function and perhaps third function will help out the dominant function.
A 4th function will remain basically unused and thus will fall into
"shadow" and become the “inferior” function.
To the 4 functions, Jung added 2 differing, and opposing "attitudes":
Extraversion vs Introversion. These 2 attitudes have now become terms
well integrated into popular vernacular and should be familiar to just
tend to be sociable, they prefer being with groups of people, and they
appear to become actively energized when interacting with groups of
Introverts, while they can put on a sociable face, truly prefer keeping
to themselves, they prefer one on one interactions with others, and
they appear to become drained of energy when interacting with groups
One rule of thumb is that extraverts tend to think and formulate ideas
as they speak and interact with others. Introverts tend to think, reflect,
formulate ideas internally, and then finally speak.
Dr. H. J. Eysenck, Institute of Psychiatry at the University of London,
hypothesized that there may actually be an underlying physiological,
brain function, basis for the two differing attitudes of extraversion
- According to Dr. Eysenck, the extravert may physiologically need
added stimulus from (or interaction with) his/her surrounding environment
in order to feel at ease and "normal." i.e. The extravert
needs to actively interact with other people to feel "okay."
The extravert feels energized by interacting with groups of people.
- On the other hand, the introvert may physiologically need to reduce
stimulus from (or interaction with) his/her surrounding environment
in order to feel at ease and "okay." The introvert needs
time alone in order to feel "normal." The introvert feels
drained and depleted of energy when spending large amounts of time
interacting and being in groups of people.
Adding the dimension of extraversion vs introversion, Jung’s 4
basic types and/or functions are then expanded and differentiated into
8 different personality type combinations.
(I) vs Extraversion (E)
Intuitive (N) vs Sensing (S)
Feeling (F) vs Thinking (T)
Sensing Thinking (EST)
Extraverted Sensing Feeling (ESF)
Extraverted Intuitive Thinking (ENT)
Extraverted Intuitive Feeling (ENF)
Introverted Sensing Thinking (IST)
Introverted Sensing Feeling (ISF)
Introverted Intuitive Thinking (INT)
Introverted Intuitive Feeling (INF)
If you happen to be familiar with either the traditional Myers-Briggs
Type Indicator (MBTI) or the newer Keirsey Temperament Sorter, then
all of this should now be beginning to look a wee bit familiar.
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